CE: Our Next Great Customer-Focused Buzzword
CRM is not itself a technology -- it's a discipline enabled by a technology. But the ideas are so completely enmeshed with technology today that it's almost impossible to talk CRM without lapsing into jargon.
That's led to the abduction, abuse and expropriation of technical terms, which often results in confusion over what they actually mean. Just look at how terms like "the cloud," "customer experience" and "social CRM" have been loosely handled.
At this stage, the definitions of these terms are cloudy at best, and that can only hamper the understanding of these important concepts in the minds of the business leaders who could benefit from them the most.
Another term is currently being loaded into the barrel: "customer engagement." You'll see it attached to a swath of new products in the next 18 months. Some of the applications will be accurate, while others will be inappropriate and misleading.
What It Means
Customer engagement (CE) refers to the engagement of customers with one another, with a company or a brand, according to Wikipedia, that great font of collective -- and, at times, accurate -- information.
The initiative for engagement can be either consumer- or company-led, and the medium of engagement can be on or offline.
There is a lot of wiggle room in that definition. My fear is that the phrase "customer engagement" will be redefined according to what's useful to various vendors and end up being another term without meaning.
That would be bad, because taken away from its status as jargon, customer experience -- minus the quotes -- is the principal reason we have customer relationship management solutions in place.
If we hope to have return customers -- and if we hope to create customers who are advocates for our businesses -- we need to ensure that the experiences they have with us are as pleasant and rewarding as possible.
Yet it's inevitable that CE will become a term that varies based on the job description of the person dropping it into conversation. As that happens, be aware of it -- and don't fall for three misconceptions about CE that you're bound to be confronted by in the very near future.
Don't Confuse CE With CRM
By now, CRM has been well defined as the discipline of acquiring and retaining customers and building customer relationships. CRM technology, by applying concepts of data management and organization, allows that discipline to scale.
However, there's long been a stigma around the acronym "CRM," stemming from the generation of products from the early 1990s. CRM implementations failed at a staggering rate, for reasons that were sometimes technological, but more often organizational.
Automating processes that don't work effectively only makes them fail faster -- but it's always easier to blame the technology than to look inward at systemic failures of our own creation.
Don't be shocked to see CRM vendors embrace the "CE" acronym in order to get past the legacy of old-timey CRM. "Customer engagement" sounds new and certainly more human than "CRM," but you can't effectively engage with a large customer base without the data management and distribution capabilities provided by CRM.
Don't Think That 'CE' Means Software
You'll hear a ton of vendors tell you about new technologies you can buy to allow you to engage better with your customers. There's no doubt that we'll see a wealth of great new technologies that address an aspect of customer experience.
However, as with social CRM, engagement is a broad concept that will take on various shades, depending on the context of each business. For that reason, expecting a one-size-fits-all customer engagement technology to appear is as dubious an idea as expecting one brand of CRM application to work for every business.
Although life would be simpler, it just doesn't work that way.
Customer engagement depends on many of the same underpinnings as CRM, starting with the people you hire and the policies your management puts in place to deal directly with customers and translate the data your technology collects into information your employees can use.
For your customers, engagement will have a face -- and it'll be the face of your employees.
Don't Allow CE to Be Tactical and Not Strategic
Customer engagement is not about creating communities. It's not about providing better service. It's not about gamification of the customer relationship, or about more effective marketing automation, or about establishing channels for co-creation of products or services. It's about all those things, and a lot more.
The new products that emerge in the field of customer engagement, if they follow the patterns set by marketing automation, social CRM and sales enablement tools, will initially solve specific sets of related problems. Using these tactical tools to get past pain points is a smart idea -- but take care not to solve these pain points without an idea of how to integrate these tools to create a unified engagement strategy.
You have to decide consciously what a customer engagement strategy will look like -- and you can't allow the technology to drive that strategy.